STUDY IN ROMANIA
Romania lies in the Central-South-Eastern part of the European continent.
Having a surface of approximately 238,000 sq km and a population of 22.5 million
inhabitants, it is one of the medium-sized countries of Europe. Romania
neighbours Moldavia, Ukraine, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and coasts the
One of Romania`s specifics consists in the fact that it is crossed by the 45 North
Parallel and the 25 East Meridian, thes being the mathematical co-ordinates
marking the halfway between the Equator and the North Pole and between the
Atlantic Coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the Eastern border of the continent, the
Ural Mountains, respectively. Romania is 2 hours ahead of GMT.
Romanians have an old and rich history. The ancient name of this territory was
Dacia. It was inhabited by Getic and Dacian populations. After the wars against
Rome, between 101-102 and 105-106, Dacia became a Roman province providing
the basis for the formation of both the Romanian people and language.
During the Middle Ages Romanians lived in three provinces, namely Wallachia,
Moldavia and Transylvania. These got united during the 19th and 20th c., forming
The population is formed in its biggest proportion by Romanians, who represent
90% of the total number of inhabitants, to which Hungarians (around 7%),
Gypsies, Germans, Ukrainians, Turks, Tartars etc. can be added.
Out of the total number of population, 55% live in towns and the rest of 45% live
in rural areas (with villages populated by up to 27,000 persons).
The capital of the country is the city of Bucharest, which has a population of over 2
million inhabitants. Here it is concentrated approximately 15% of the national
industrial capacity, over 50% of the direct foreign investments, over 30% of the
higher education institutions and over 50% of the Romanian students. Other big
cities, having more than 300,000 inhabitants, are the regional centres Iasi, Cluj,
Timisoara, Craiova, Brasov and Constanta.
Romania is a republic, a parliamentary democracy, seeking to join the European
Romania has economic and cultural relations with over 150 countries around the
The official language of the state is Romanian, belonging to the Romance family
of languages; within the local public administration, where the percentage of
inhabitants belonging to another ethnic populations is over 20%, their language can
also be used.
The foreign languages most frequently spoken in the countru are English, French
The national currency is the leu (in May, 2004 : 1 USD = 33,155 ROL / 1 Euro =
HISTORY OF EDUCATION
The first institutes of higher education that functioned on the territory of Romania
where Academia Vasiliana (1640) founded by prince Vasile Lupu in Iasi as a
"higher school for Latin and Slavonic languages" and the Academy of Bucharest
opened at the end of the 17th c. by the prince Constantin Brancoveanu.
The bases for higher education in Romanian language where laid down in the 19th
c.: courses for topometric engineers organised in 1814 by Gheorghe Asachi in
Moldavia and by Gheorghe Lazar in Wallachia in 1818. In 1835 the Academia
Mihaileana was set up in Iasi and in 1852 in Bucharest the School of Agriculture
was opened, the forerunner of today's Agronomic Institute. In 1857, the National
School for Medicine and Surgery was set up in Bucharest and in 1864 the National
School for Bridges, Highways, Mining and
Architecture was opened to become later the nucleus of the Politechnical School in
Bucharest. It was also in 1864 that the foundations of the fine arts higher education
where laid down.
The first Romanian universities were established by Prince Al.I.Cuza
University of Iasi (1860) and the Bucharest University
(1864) - under whose rule
was issued the first Public Education Law (1864), which regulated the whole
system of school education from primary to university education. At the end of the
19th c., following a dramatic development of the educational system, different
fields of education were regulated by separate pieces of legislation: the Law of
Primary Education (1893), the Law of Secondary and Higher Education (1898), the
Law of Vocational Education (1899).
In Transylvania, in 1872, the Cluj University was set up and in Bucovina, the
University of Cernauti (1875). After 1918, the Romanian system of education was
unitarily regulated by the new laws of organisation of education issued in 1924-
Between the two World Wars the network of higher education institutions was
In 1948, after the onset of the Communist rule, education was organised by the
State as a unitary highly centralised structure. Completely separated from the
Church, education was accessible to all children. However, due to a structural
imbalance, and a chronic lack of material resources, an effect of the economic
crisis, the growth of the highereducation was inhibited, both in point of technical
and material resources - chronically outdated and insufficient - and in point of
number of students. In the academic year 1975/1976, there were 42 higher
education institutions in 20 university centres, among them being 7 universities:
Bucharest, Cluj, Iasi, Timisoara, Craiova, Brasov, Galati, with a total number of
After the overthrow of the Communist rule in 1989, a major reform was initiated
by the higher education institutions themselves. Under the reform programme, the
number of students enrolled in the various study programmes available in Romania
has been on a constant increase in the last decade, reaching 353,228 for the 1999-
2000 academic year. This huge increase is also the result of the introduction of a
new opportunity for the Romanian citizens to pursue studies based on tuition fees.
GENERAL DATA ABOUT THE ROMANIAN HIGHER EDUCATION
In Romania education is considered to be a national priority, the entire educational
system being protected by the Constitution and by organic laws (the Education
Law), specialised laws (the Law on the Accreditation of Higher Education
Institutions and Recognition of Diplomas, the Law on the Statute of the Teaching
Staff), governmental decisions and orders of the Minister of Education and
These legislative acts laid the foundation for the reform of the Romanian education
system and allowed its opening and upgrading as compared to the educational
systems of the highly developed countries of the world.
The national system, which includes both public and private higher education
institutions, has openness as its main feature, that is the transfer of a student from
one educational form to the other is stipulated by law. The education system is
organised on levels, ensuring the coherence and continuity of instruction, taking
into consideration the age and individual peculiarities.
Structure of the Universities
In Romania higher education is provided in education and research institutions,
universities, institutes, academies, conservatories and university colleges.
The state higher education sector in Romania comprises 49 state higher education
institutions with 324 faculties and other 20 private higher education institutions.
The higher education institutions comprise several faculties, university colleges,
divisions, departments and small pilot units specialised in researches and microproduction.
The faculty represents the functional basic unit of the higher education
institution and is organised by chairs or by departments. The teaching in a faculty
is organised by specialities, years of study, student series and groups. The faculty
includes the teaching and research personnel, the students and the auxiliary and
administrative personnel. The faculties are individualised by their study
programmes and field of specialisation.
The department is a sub-unit governed by the university Senate or by the Council
of a faculty. The department carries out teaching, research, design etc. The chair is
the basic structural unit of the faculty and it includes the teaching research, design
and auxiliary personnel working in a specific academic field.
Organization of the year of study
The academic year starts between mid September and mid October, subject to the
decision of each University Senate. Based on their institutional autonomy,
universities may also decide on the academic schedule. Each year is divided into
two semesters. Each semester lasts fourteen weeks. Students have a summer
holiday, a Christmas holiday, an Easter holiday and a holiday at the end of the first
Examination take place at the end of each semester. They may be oral or written. A
re-examination period is scheduled before the beginning of the new academic year.
Acording to the national standards, the number of hours per week is 22-28, with a
decreasing tendency. Classes are held from Monday to Friday.
The Romanian higher education system provides full time courses, evening
courses, part time courses and distance learning. The part time and distance
learning courses may be provided only by higher education institutions that
organize full time courses. The programs of such courses are usually one academic
year longer than the full time courses programs.
Undergraduate education provides two types of programmes:
Short-term university education (2-3 year programme provided by the
university colleges) courses finalised with diplom„ de absolvire (diploma
certifying the completion of studies at a college and the passing of a relevant
examination). According to the Education Law, graduates of these courses may
continue their long-term university education, under the conditions established by
Long-term university education (4-6 year programmes provided by the
universities, academies and conservatories) courses finalised with diplom„ de
licenţ„ (university diploma, equivalent to a first degree).
Duration of studies
The duration of the long term studies varies according to the field :
• 8 semesters ( 4 years) for sciences, humanities, economic and
law, political sciences, art and sports.
• 10 semesters (5 years) for engineering, pharmacy, agriculture
• 12 semesters (6 years) for general medicine, dental medicine,
medicine and architecture.
Graduate education offers specialisation or an extension of the education provided
in universities. Graduate study programmes include:
Advanced studies (1-2 years) for university graduates;
awarded a degree diploma;
Master studies (1-2 years) for university graduates;
Graduate academic studies (2-3 years) organised by
schools attached to universities or functioning as autonomous units; the studies are
based on inter-disciplinarity aiming at increased professional specialisation;
Doctoral studies (4-6 years) offered by universities
and research institutes
accredited as such; the doctoral courses are organised as day courses or night
courses. The scientific title of doctor granted by the institution is validated by the
National Council for the Attestation of Academic Titles, University Diplomas and
Continuing education university courses, lasting no
more than one year,
and addressed to certain categories of employment of those without a university
Higher education in Romania has the following forms: regular studies, reduced
frequency courses and Open Distance Learning.
Types of Diploma
In what concerns certification, there is a wide range of academic graduate and
post-graduate diplomas and distinctions that one can obtain after studying in
Certificat de studii - A certificate awarded to students
who have completed
their studies in higher education, but have failed to pass the get their degree.
Diplom„ de absolvire a unui colegiu - Diploma certifying the completion of studies
at a college and the passing of the relevant final examen.
Diplom„ de licenţ„ - University diploma equivalent degree.
Diplom„ de magister/master - Master Diploma.
Diplom„ de studii aprofundate - Diploma of Advanced
Diplom„ de studii (academice) - Diploma of Graduate
This kind of diploma is awarded by a school of graduate studies, within a higher
education institution. Such schools enroll holders of the first academic degree at
the end of a two-three year graduate study programme.
Diplom„ de doctor - Doctoral Diploma (Ph.D.). This
is the highest
academic degree awarded in all domains after 4-6 years of study and original
research. It follows the first academic degree (or master's degree) and requires the
passing of examinations and the submission of an original thesis. The holder of a
doctoral diploma is granted the Ph.D. title in the respective field of science or the
Doctor Honoris Causa - An honorary degree awarded by
institutions (by vote of the Senate) to Romanian and foreign prominent figures in
science, technology and culture. It is also occasionally conferred, in recognition of
specific merits, to outstanding national and international public figures.
International Recognition of Romanian Diplomas
Romania signed the Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning
Higher Education in the European Region (Lisabona 1997), and at the same time, it
is part of the Bologna Process concerning the implementation of the common
European Higher Education area.
Through commitments assumed at the European level, focused on quality
assurance, credit transfers and transparency of educational programmes
description, qualifications (diplomas) obtained in the Romanian Higher Education
ensured the academic and professional mobility of the graduates all over the world.
International students willing to study in Romania can apply either to the Ministry
of Education and Research or to the chosen Romanian university, in order to
receive the Letter of Acceptance.
The following application papers are requested:
1. Application form;
2. Certified copy of the Baccalaureate Diploma or equivalent - for undergraduate
3. Certified copy of the graduation certificate - for graduate applicants or PhD;
4. Academic record translated into Romanian, English, French or German;
5. Language certificate (see further instructions regarding this issue)
6. Certified copy of the Birth Certificate;
7. Certified copy of the passport;
8. Medical certificate.
The application forms are available at the International Relations Offices of the
Ministry of Education and Research - phone (4021)
3142680; 3157430; 3131013
– fax (4021) 3126614 – E mail : mj ciofu or
of the Romanian universities, or at
the Romanian Embassies abroad. The application papers, only in copy, have to be
mailed to the Ministry of Education and Research or to the chosen university, in
order to receive the approval statement. The Ministry of Education and Research
may issue theLetter of Acceptance in at least 2 months from the date of receiving
the complete files. The official documents have to be submitted personally, in
original, when applying in Romania.
Before coming to Romania, the international students should have their documents
endorsed within the Romanian embassies in their own countries; then, they should
obtain a valid visa for studying in Romania.
The application file must be sent to Romania by 1,st of September (for
undergraduate and graduate studies), but there is no deadline for PhD applicants.
The medicine faculties have two deadlines for the post-graduate studies: on 30th of
November and another on 31st of March.
Admission to higher education institutions is based on the selection of application
files. For applying to study architecture, arts, and sports, international students are
required to present their portfolio.
International students have to prove good knowledge of the teaching language
(Romanian, English, French or German).
Usually, international students learn Romanian during the preparatory year. The
candidates who speak Romanian can skip the preparatory year after having passed
a test of Romanian language. The candidates, who can formally prove that they
have studied in Romanian for at least four years consecutively, do not need to pass
the Romanian language test or to attend the preparatory year.
The following universities organize the preparatory year:
1. "Politehnica" University of Bucharest;
2. University of Bucharest;
3. University of Bacau;
4. "Babes-Bolyai" University of Cluj;
5. "Ovidius" University of Constanta;
6. University of Craiova;
7. "Al. I. Cuza" University of Iasi;
8. University of Pitesti;
9. "Oil and Gas" University of Ploiesti;
10. West University of Timisoara.
Students will have to take language tests, during the academic year, in order to
check their speaking and writing abilities.
Foreign students, who have begun to study in their home country or in another
country, can finish their studies in Romania. This is possible according to each
individual case, after the recognition and equivalence of diplomas.
Following are typical budgets for an international student in Romania. The value of
the study fees, which is stipulated by the Ministry of Education and Research, is
the same for all universities. The fees differ from one domain of specialization to
another. The fees for one year of study include the assessed practical experience
stipulated in the curricula and the medical assistance, in the same conditions
offered to the Romanian students.
The fees should be paid in advance for a period of 10 (ten) month for full time
courses and 3 (three) month for part time courses.
Fee quotas in foreign currency, both for full time course and for part time are liable
(10 months) 3200 USD 3600 USD 4700 USD 7600 USD
1500 - 2000 USD 1500 - 2000
1500 - 2000
1500 - 2000
1000 USD 1000 USD 1000 USD 1000 USD
150 - 500 USD 150 - 500 USD 150 - 500
USD 150 - 500 USD
Estimated Total5850 - 6700 USD 6250-7100
7350 - 8200
10250 - 1110
Most of the Romanian universities have their own cafeteria within the campus.
Room and board are reported to the average expanses of different higher education
centers. International students can be advised by the specialized departments of the
universities in order to identify the best solution. The international students can
also choose room and board extra-campus. Travel, books and supplies mostly
depend on the option of each student.
(10 months) 3400 USD 3800 USD 4950 USD 8000 USD
1500 - 2000 USD 1500 - 2000
1500 - 2000
1500 - 2000
1000 USD 1000 USD 1000 USD 1000 USD
150 - 500 USD 150 - 500 USD 150 - 500
USD 150 - 500 USD
Estimated Total6050 - 6900 USD 6450-7300 7600-8400
USD USD USD
Citizens from abroad may also be accepted to study on the basis of scholarships
granted by Romania, in the framework of bilateral agreements, through the
competent authorities in their countries or on the basis of scholarships and grants
offered by other states or by international organisations.
"Ion Mincu" University of Architecture and Urbanism of Bucharest
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest
Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest
"Politehnica" University of Bucharest
University of Bucharest
"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Bucharest
University of Music, Bucharest
Academy of Economic Studies of Bucharest
University of Fine Arts of Bucharest
National School of Political Studies and Public Administration of Bucharest
National Academy of Physical Education and Sports of Bucharest
"I.L. Caragiale" University of Theatre and Film of Bucharest
"December 1st" University of Alba-Iulia
"Aurel Vlaicu" University of Arad
University of Bacau
North University of Baia Mare
"Transilvania" University of Brasov
Technical University of Cluj-Napoca
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca
"Babes-Bolyai" University of Cluj-Napoca
"Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Cluj-Napoca
"Gheorghe Dima" Music Academy of Cluj-Napoca
"Ioan Andreescu" Academy of Visual Arts of Cluj-Napoca
"Ovidius" University of Constanta
Maritime University of Constanta
University of Craiova
University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova
"Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati
"Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi
"Ion Ionescu de la Brad" University of Agricultural Sciences
and Veterinary Medicine of Iasi
"Al.I. Cuza" University of Iasi
"George Enescu" University of Arts, Iasi
University of Oradea
"Gr. T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Iasi
University of Petrosani
University of Pitesti
"Oil and Gas" University of Ploiesti
"Eftimie Murgu" University of Resita
|"Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu
"Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava
"Valachia" University of Targoviste
"Constantin Brancusi" University of Targu Jiu
"Petru Maior" University of Targu Mures
University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures
University of Theatrical Arts of Targu Mures
University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Timisoara
"Politehnica" University of Timisoara
"Banat" University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary
Medicine of Timisoara
West Universityof Timisoara
ROMANIAN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES
"Vasile Goldis" West University of Arad
"Nicolae Titulescu" University of Bucharest
"Titu Maiorescu" University of Bucharest
"Dimitrie Cantemir" Christian University of Bucharest
Catholic Theological Institute of Bucharest
Romanian – American University of Bucharest
“Hyperion” University of Bucharest
“Spiru Haret” University of Bucharest
“Bioterra” University of Bucharest
Ecological University of Bucharest
Romanian University of Sciences and arts of Bucharest
"George Bacovia" University of Bacau
“George Bariţiu” University of Braşov
“Danubius” University of Galaţi
“Petre Andrei” University of Iaşi
“Apollonia” University of Iaşi
European University of Lugoj
“Emanuel” University of Oradea
“Constantin Br‚ncoveanu” University of Piteşti
“Tibiscus” University of Timişoara